The commercialization of products such as food, cosmetics, medicines can be a lucrative activity of great interest, however, to sell them on the market, several requirements must be met to ensure the quality and safety of the product, in its manufacture, import, distribution and marketing , ensuring that the product is not harmful to the health of the consumer.
In Panama, the normative in charge of setting the requirements for health licenses, is the Law 21 of 2001 on medicines and other products for human health. The Law contemplates regulations for medicines, biological products, dietary and vitamin supplements, cosmetics, pesticides, for example, and any other product related to the health of human beings, that exists or may exist.
The Law establishes the principle of the duty of registration before the health authority; which means the obligation to request the sanitary registration corresponding to any product that is indicated in the law, which leaves to the opening the creation of new products that are not contemplated in the law, precisely to fulfill the constitutional obligation in which the State has to ensure the health of the population, contemplated in article 9 of the Political Constitution of Panama.
Meanwhile, in the case of food, Executive Decree 331 establishes the obligation of the sanitary registry for all processed, bottled and packaged foods or beverages that have undergone any transformation in Panama, and are marketed under a specific name and brand. There is also a mandatory registration for products manufactured abroad and imported into national territory, in these cases, the Panamanian Food Safety Authority has the competence to issue the relevant records.
The aforementioned also applies to those products that are made in workshops or houses and that are packed and sold by a natural or legal person, as an example would be cookies, sauces, pickles among others, despite the misconception of consider them as artisan products because they are not made with industrial methods.
Unlike the common conception...